Browsing All Posts filed under »Definitions«

Science vs. Pseudoscience

September 28, 2011

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The task of distinguishing science from pseudoscience is known as the demarcation problem. It is not altogether straightforward, because the boundaries within which “science” is defined are themselves vague. However, most philosophers of science agree that the following notions represent relatively good distinctions. I am separating them here into two categories: “differences of principle” (which refer to epistemological issues, […]

What is ‘pseudoscience’?

September 5, 2011

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[For further information about the above image, see here.] The following explanation of pseudoscience is adapted from Hughes, B. M. (2011). Conceptual and Historical Issues in Psychology. Harlow: Prentice Hall. Pseudoscience. A practice that has the superficial appearance of a science but which fails to meet the quality standards normally required of sciences. See also: http://www.skepdic.com/pseudosc.html

What is ‘skepticism’?

September 5, 2011

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[For further information about the above image, see here.] The following explanation of skepticism is adapted from Hughes, B. M. (2011). Conceptual and Historical Issues in Psychology. Harlow: Prentice Hall. In science, skepticism is the view that it is reasonable to question and/or investigate any assertion purporting to describe factual information. In this context, skeptics do not accept claims to knowledge […]